Reduction of biting and chewing of horses using differential reinforcement of other behavior.

Ridurre i comportamenti di mordere e masticare usando il rinforzo differenziato di un altro comportamento

Come ridurre il mordere persone e materiali (redini, sella ecc) rinforzando l'assenza del comportamento anzichè punendo l'animale.

Anno: 
2012
Autori: 
Fox AE, Bailey SR, Hall EG, St Peter CC.
Riferimenti rivista: 
Behav Processes. 2012 Sep;91(1):125-8. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2012.05.001. Epub 2012 May 14.
Abstract: 
Biting and chewing by horses on crossties can result in injury to the handler and damage to equipment. Operant-conditioning techniques have been used to train horses and could be used to reduce or eliminate undesirable biting and chewing. Presently, a differential-reinforcement-of-other-behavior (DRO) schedule, in the context of a reversal design, was effective in reducing biting and chewing in two horses. In DRO schedules, a reinforcer is delivered contingent on the absence of a target behavior for a specified interval. Positive-reinforcement procedures offer an alternative to aversive-control techniques typically used in equine training and may provide for better equine welfare and horse-human interaction.